The use of electronic monitoring devices doubled between 2005 and 2015, according to the Pew Charitable Trusts. These devices use GPS to monitor a person whether he or she is in Maryland or any other state. They are considered to be more humane than simply locking an offender behind bars. For those who have been required to use an ankle bracelet, however, it is often described as akin to being incarcerated.
Black defendants may face racial bias in Maryland and across the country at bail hearings regardless of the race of the judge involved. This is the conclusion of a study conducted in Philadelphia and Miami that examined over 250,000 court cases in which bail was at issue. Both black and white judges were, according to the study, more likely to detain black defendants until their court hearings, a step that can have a negative impact on the perception of the defendant and the likelihood of conviction. In addition, black defendants were charged an average of $7,281 more for bail than white defendants.
Research shows that criminal eyewitness identifications tend to be unreliable, meaning defendants in Maryland and elsewhere could be wrongfully convicted if such evidence is used in a trial. As a result, many police departments are finally changing the way they conduct police lineups.
According to the Supreme Court, a warrant is necessary to access a cellphone's location history. This is considered a major victory for the privacy rights of Maryland residents and all Americans. Its 5-4 decision in Carpenter v. United States is also seen as widening the scope and updating the Fourth Amendment. Under the Stored Communications Act, police could obtain cell site location information, or CSLI, as long as it could reasonably be used to find data relevant to an investigation.
Maryland residents would like to believe that the criminal justice system is always fair. However, studies show that eyewitness misidentification often leads to wrongful convictions.
No one really likes to think about facing criminal charges in a Maryland court. Especially if you have never navigated the criminal justice system, facing criminal allegations can be one of the most stressful, challenging experiences of your life. You may have a lot riding on the outcome as well and, depending on how strong a defense you have, your very freedom may be at stake.
Accidents involving drunk drivers around the country claim 29 lives every day, and 110 million Americans drive while intoxicated each year, according to figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A nationwide .08 percent blood alcohol limit and zero tolerance programs aimed at younger drivers have made roads in Maryland and across the country safer, but they have not been enough to prevent drunk driving deaths from rising alarmingly in recent years.
A May 2018 Supreme Court ruling could be important for protecting the rights of people in Maryland when driving a borrowed rental car. In a ruling, the high court said that people who drive a rental car with permission from the authorized driver have the same protections from searches by police as the original rental. The unanimous decision affirmed that people who are in lawful possession of a rental car have a reasonable expectation of privacy, even when they are not listed on the rental car agreement as an authorized driver.
A study by the American Economic Review found that the average defendant in the United States made less than $7,000 in the year before being taken into custody. That lack of an income could play a big role in whether a person is held before trial. In fact, less than 50 percent of individuals analyzed in the study could afford bail even when set at $5,000 or less. In the United States, there are roughly 500,000 who are held each day awaiting trial
Black men in Maryland and across the United States facing criminal sentencing may be worried about the potential impact of racial bias, including unconscious bias, on their sentencing. Those worries are borne out by sentencing data, according to a study by the U.S. Sentencing Commission, a bipartisan, independent agency that is part of the U.S. federal judiciary. Black men receive significantly longer sentences on average than white men convicted of the same crimes or similar offenses. On average, Black men's prison terms are 19.1 percent longer than those of white men; the study found when examining data related to sentencing between 2012 and 2016.